Ingredient Spotlight : Alpha Arbutin
What is Alpha Arbutin?
Alpha-arbutin is a synthetic and functional active ingredient for skin lightening. It is a biosynthetic ingredient, derived from bearberry, bearberry extract is broken down to produce hydroquinone, hydroquinone and dextrin (a sugar) reacts with a glycosylating enzyme to produce alpha arbutin. Alpha arbutin is considered a safer, but not less effective than hydroquinone, even at similar or greater concentrations!
What are the benefits?
Evens skin tone
Prevents melanin formation
Reverses existing pigmentation such as freckles, sun damage, age spots or liver spots
How does it work?
Alpha arbutin blocks melanin synthesis, resulting in lighter skin. It successfully blocks skin’s tyrosinase activity, therefore preventing and minimizing the formation of melanin. Alpha arbutin suppresses the enzymes that stimulate the production of melanin, without killing them, thus preventing the future formation of pigmentation.
Alpha Arbutin Vs Hydroquinone?
Alpha arbutin is considered safe for use, however hydroquinone comes with several unsightly possible side effects. Hydroquinone can cause exogenous ochronosis, which is when skin turns blue or black, hydroquinone inhibits melanin production to lighten skin, but used over a long period of time it can damage pigment cells.
Which 5 Squirrels products contain Alpha Arbutin?
This supercharged pigmentation serum is packed full of ingredients to lighten, brighten and reduce skin pigmentation. Formulated to increase the luminosity and appearance of the skin. With several potent active ingredients Illuminate Serum protects against environmental damage, sun damage & improves the appearance of the skin:
2% Alpha Arbutin A natural skin lightening biosynthetic active ingredient, which works by slowly releasing hydroquinone through hydrolysis. This results in the prevention of tyrosinase activity and significantly lowers the skins melanin production, therefore reducing pigmentation.
A tripeptide made from 3 amino acids, helps to defend against visible signs of environmental damage by working as an antioxidant to neutralise free radicals. Glutathione can also cause skin lightening by the enzyme tyrosinase which prevents melanin synthesis.
5% Azelaic Acid A dicarboxylic acid, gently exfoliates to refine the skin's surface and even out skin tone. Azelaic acid has anti-inflammatory properties which will reduce redness and swelling in acne prone skin. It is also proven to be anti-bacterial, azelaic acid prevents the production of keratin and unblocks pores, increasing cell turnover, to prevent future acne.
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If you would like to sample or add Illuminate into your range, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dermatology and Therapy, December 2014, pages 165-186 The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, August 2014, pages 13-17 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology, August 2006, pages 781-787 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, July 2009, pages 741-750